Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman’s body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential. Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer.
No symptoms at first: Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.
Abnormal bloating: Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.
Feeling full quickly: This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.
Weight loss: This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.
Discomfort in the pelvis area: This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.
Constipation: Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.
Frequent urination: This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.
Causes: As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.
Surgery: Surgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
By Dr Anirban Biswas , Endocronology The thyroid gland is a small gland located at the neck whose function is to produce hormones that play an important role in regulating various functions of the body. Cancer of the thyroid gland is known as thyroid cancer. This type of cancer mostly affects people who are usually 60 years or above. Women are also more likely to be affected by this disorder as compared to men. Thyroid cancer can be classified as- Follicular Carcinoma: This type mostly affects adults who are middle-aged, primarily women....
By Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit, Oncology While it is commonly known that Cancer is not a hereditary disease in the true sense, doctors often mention that having a parent with a history of cancer can put you at increased risks of developing the disease yourself. Defined as an abnormal and uncontrolled division of cells in the body, cancer, in all its forms, is the result of genetic mutation. An abnormality in the genetic data that determines cell division and cell growth is what can end up causing the uncontrolled cell growth that is...
By Dr. Sanjaya Mishra, Oncology Peritoneal cancer is a rare type of cancer which forms in the thin tissue layer present in the abdomen lining. This layer of tissue also lines the bladder, rectum and the uterus. The peritoneal structure is made up of epithelial cells; its role is to produce fluids which facilitate the smooth movement of organs in the stomach. It is commonly confused with stomach cancer as some symptoms are similar. Causes- The exact cause of peritoneal cancer is not known. This cancer affects mostly women and the elderly;...