By Dr. Rita Bakshi, IVF Speciality
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) has revolutionised the way in which the notions of fertility were presumed all this while. This pioneering invention in the field of gynaecology has enabled numerous people to conceive, despite having otherwise insurmountable biological impediments.
In IVF process, the sperm and the egg is taken from the concerned couple and is allowed to fertilise in laboratories, following which the embryo is injected back into the mother’s womb for the fetus to develop naturally. While this method has facilitated innumerable childless couples to overcome their pregnancy hazards, IVF too entails a sizeable number of pitfalls.
On various occasions, it has been noted that IVF surgeries have failed, causing undue trauma to the plausible parents.
One of the main reasons for failures of IVF is the failure in implantation.
Sometimes the embryo is unable to attach itself to the uterus walls. This is triggered off by the increased micro RNA levels in the endometrium of women.
Sometimes the presence of insulin like growth hormones aggravates the chances of unsuccessful IVF surgeries.
Much of recent day research in fertility science is dedicated to surmising the reasons behind a failing of an IVF. The key to a successful IVF is determined by the quality of the embryo and the receptivity of the uterus lining. The gynaecologists usually observe the embryo for 5 days and then proceed with the implantation process. This grants a considerable period for them to fathom the fate of the embryo. Unfortunately, failed pregnancies may ensue even after the 5 days.
Other factors that may adversely affect the success rates of IVFs include the quality of the eggs and the potential genetic mutations that may have taken place in the duress. The quality of the egg in turn is related to the age of the female because chromosomal abnormality has higher incidence in females of advanced age.
While many vouch for the efficiency of IVF as a form of surrogacy, it comes with a whole host of risks. However, with further progress in fertility science, medical practitioners are hopeful about the future of IVFs.