Bladder tumor is the mass formed by the extra growth of cells in the bladder. This extra growth of cells causes bladder cancer. The tumor in the bladder is a lump of cancerous cells and is virulent. It spreads to the other parts of the body through the process of metastasis-a process where cells spread and infect other tissues.
1. Smoking: Smoking is one factor that contributes to bladder cancer. Chemicals present in the cigarette come into contact with the bladder through blood. The chemicals present in the cigarette get into the bloodstream, and then the chemicals are stored in the bladder after being filtered out of the body by the kidneys.
2. Exposure to Chemicals at Work: Another major factor is exposure to some of the chemicals used in the factory causes bladder cancer. Group of chemicals called ‘arylamines’ and ‘polycyclic’ are believed to cause bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is the most common in aged people and it takes a long time to develop.
Symptoms– Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:
Blood in urine (hematuria) – urine may appear bright red or cola colored. Or urine may appear normal, but blood may be detected in a microscopic examination of the urine.
When to see a doctor…
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms that worry you, such as blood in your urine.
How Does It Spread?
There are several layers of the bladder and the innermost lining of the bladder called the ‘urothelium’ or ‘transitional epithelium’ is where most bladder cancers begin. The cells grow out-of-control through the other layers in the bladder wall and it becomes harder to get cured. If the cancerous cells spread, it grows outside the bladder and over time, it often spreads to the liver, the lungs or the bones. The cancerous cells spread through the circulation of tissue fluids or through blood circulation to other parts of the body where these malignant cells can damage other organs.
Measures to minimize the risk of getting bladder tumor…
Avoiding smoking and exposures to arsenic, arylamines and benzene and good intake of water and healthy foods will help reduce the risk.
By Dr Manan H. Desai , Cardiology The heart is a pump which works constantly to pump blood to different parts of the body. The heart has 4 chambers, and the left ventricle which is the largest is responsible for pumping pure oxygenated blood to all parts of the body. This is done through a large blood vessel called aorta, which branches into a network of smaller and smaller vessels as it reaches the distant parts of the body. Due to various reasons, the heart may not be able to...
By Dr Anubhav Gupta , Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery Your physical appearance changes considerably with progressing age. The skin starts to wrinkle and droop especially in and around your cheeks and the eyes. There are a number of techniques which help you to regain your youthful look. Most common procedures include a facelift which tends to remove the sagginess of the skin around your face or an eyelift which helps to treat the drooping eyelids and bagginess below your eyes. The two procedures can be compared on the following grounds: 1. Type of...
By Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao, Gastroenterology Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder of the digestive system that is characterized by a reflux of the stomach acid or stomach content through the food pipe. This action causes irritation to the lining in the food pipe and leads to GERD. The symptoms of this disorder are common and not problematic unless they occur more than twice a week in a chronic manner. Symptoms- You will experience a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn) that might spread to your throat, and leave a...
By Dr. M A Khokar , Sexology Do you shudder at the sheer thought of intimacy and intercourse after having gone through your pregnancy? And all of this despite having a spiced-up sex life previously? Do you find yourself feeling low as your passion and sexual desire take a back seat? Well worry not.. Conceiving a baby might have taken a toll on your libido but the good news is that this phase is transient. You would soon get back your former self and you can certainly deal with this particular phase...