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By Paras Hospitals, Multi Speciality

Bladder tumor is the mass formed by the extra growth of cells in the bladder. This extra growth of cells causes bladder cancer. The tumor in the bladder is a lump of cancerous cells and is virulent. It spreads to the other parts of the body through the process of metastasis-a process where cells spread and infect other tissues.

1. Smoking: Smoking is one factor that contributes to bladder cancer. Chemicals present in the cigarette come into contact with the bladder through blood. The chemicals present in the cigarette get into the bloodstream, and then the chemicals are stored in the bladder after being filtered out of the body by the kidneys.
2. Exposure to Chemicals at Work: Another major factor is exposure to some of the chemicals used in the factory causes bladder cancer. Group of chemicals called ‘arylamines’ and ‘polycyclic’ are believed to cause bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is the most common in aged people and it takes a long time to develop.

Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:

  1. Blood in urine (hematuria) – urine may appear bright red or cola colored. Or urine may appear normal, but blood may be detected in a microscopic examination of the urine.
  2. Frequent urination.
  3. Painful urination.
  4. Back pain.
  5. Pelvic pain.

When to see a doctor
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms that worry you, such as blood in your urine.

How Does It Spread?
There are several layers of the bladder and the innermost lining of the bladder called the ‘urothelium’ or ‘transitional epithelium’ is where most bladder cancers begin. The cells grow out-of-control through the other layers in the bladder wall and it becomes harder to get cured. If the cancerous cells spread, it grows outside the bladder and over time, it often spreads to the liver, the lungs or the bones. The cancerous cells spread through the circulation of tissue fluids or through blood circulation to other parts of the body where these malignant cells can damage other organs.

Measures to minimize the risk of getting bladder tumor…
Avoiding smoking and exposures to arsenic, arylamines and benzene and good intake of water and healthy foods will help reduce the risk.