Common complications caused by diabetes include poor blood circulation and nerve damage. These issues may make the feet prone to skin sores or ulcers which are difficult to treat, and tend to worsen faster. But with proper foot care and management techniques, these foot ulcers can be kept under check. Any kind of non-healing ulcer that wreaks damage to bones and tissues requires surgical amputation (removal) of a foot, toe or part of a leg.
Anyone who has diabetes can develop a foot ulcer. People who use insulin are at higher risk of developing a foot ulcer, as are patients with diabetes-related kidney, eye, and heart disease. Being overweight and using alcohol and tobacco also play a role in the development of foot ulcers.
Ulcers form due to a combination of factors, such as lack of feeling in the foot, poor circulation, foot deformities, irritation (such as friction or pressure), and trauma, as well as duration of diabetes. Patients who have diabetes for many years can develop neuropathy, a reduced or complete lack of ability to feel pain in the feet due to nerve damage caused by elevated blood glucose levels over time.
Vascular disease can complicate a foot ulcer, reducing the body’s ability to heal and increasing the risk for an infection. Elevations in blood glucose can reduce the body’s ability to fight off a potential infection and also slow healing.
How to prevent foot ulcers?
Try out diabetes management methods such as a healthy diet, blood sugar monitoring, medication and physical exercises.
Inspect your feet once a day for cracks, cuts or blisters
Rinse your feet thoroughly with lukewarm water and then pat them dry gently.
Never use nail clippers or scissors by yourself on the callused region to remove them.
Trim your toenails with care or ask for assistance if you are unable to do it on your own.
To avoid injury, do not go out bare-footed, even around your house.
Refrain from smoking as smoking impairs blood circulation and lowers the amount of oxygen in your blood resulting in poor healing of wound.
Get your feet examined from a doctor or a podiatrist for early signs of foot problems, poor circulation or nerve damage.
Consult your doctor if your foot doesn’t heal over a certain period of time.
Treatment for Foot Ulcers-
Treatment for foot ulcers varies with the gravity of the wound. General treatment includes removal of dead tissues or debris to keep the wound clean for better healing. But when the condition has evolved into the stage of a life-threatening infection or gives way to severe loss of tissues, then amputation becomes the means of last resort.
Photo: nail_unistella on Instagram If you’re looking for a manicure trend which can instantly light up your fingertips, consider disco nails as an intriguing new option. While these talons may not be suitable for the minimalist who has an aversion to sparkle and glitter, disco nails can certainly work for your next party. Popularized by South Korean nail salon Unistella, LED disco nails have officially lit up Instagram. With the inclusion of tiny flashing lights and oversized tips, LED nail art is ruling social media. #LEDdisconail Who would stop us?? 💃🏼💃🏼💃🏼...
Photo: Twenty20 Kamal Patel is the director of Examine.com, an independent and unbiased encyclopedia on supplementation and nutrition. He is a nutrition researcher with an MPH and MBA from Johns Hopkins University, and is on hiatus from a PhD in nutrition, in which he researched the link between diet and chronic pain. He has published peer-reviewed articles on vitamin D and calcium as well as a variety of clinical research topics. Not too long ago, many health-conscious eaters were intent on avoiding dietary fat like the plague. Today, many among that crowd...
While we may have rocked long beachy waves all summer long, the upcoming arrival of Fall 2017 means that hair has officially developed some vampy volume. Although we still have the rest of summer to look forward to, you can certainly start rocking the trend of big hair right now. Try looking to the runways for further inspiration, and incorporating these hairstyles into your daily beauty regimen for the season ahead. Ports 1961 The look of backcombed and crimped locks can easily create the illusion of a lion’s mane, as...
Photo: Pond5 Referred to as vitamin B complex, the eight B vitamins — B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12 — play an important role in keeping our bodies running like well-oiled machines. These essential nutrients help convert our food into fuel, allowing us to stay energized throughout the day. While many of the following vitamins work in tandem, each has its own specific benefits — from promoting healthy skin and hair to preventing memory loss or migraines. So is it time to start stockpiling B complex? Not necessarily,...