By Dr. Viniita Jhuntrraa, Sexology
Trichomoniasis is a STI that is caused by an organism known as Trichomoniasis Vaginalis. It can be easily treated. It is more common in women than in men. Men are also affected by it, but they pass onto their partner at the time of intercourse.
What are the symptoms of Trichomoniasis?
Although this disease does not show any symptoms yet some studies have discloses that these symptoms could appear. These are:
- The vaginal discharge, which can be white, gray, yellow, or green, and usually frothy with an unpleasant smell
- Spotting on vagina
- Vaginal bleeding
- Genital burning or itching
- Genital redness or swelling
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain during urination or sexual intercourse
- Urethral discharge
- Burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
- An urge to urinate frequently
What causes lead to Trichomoniasis?
The main cause is the single celled organism i.e. the trichomoniasis vaginalis. This disease travels from person to person through physical contact. By sharing dishes, hugging, kissing, having problem in vagina and urethra and still having intercourse contribute towards its causes.
Risk factors associated with it:
- Having unprotected sex
- Having a previous record of STI
- Having multiple sex partners
- Previous history of Trichomoniasis
How it is diagnosed?
Your health practitioner can ask for your family history of STI or any issues with urethra or vagina.There are tests that make a complete diagnosis for it.
- Cell cultures examination
- Antigen tests (antibodies bind if the Trichomonas parasite is present, which causes a color change that indicates infection)
- Tests that look for Trichomonas DNA
- Examining samples of vaginal fluid (for women) or urethral discharge (for men) under a microscope
What are the treatments available for Trichomoniasis?
- Through medications it can be treated.The common medications suggested for its treatment are metronidazole and tinidazole
- Alcohol intake should be stopped
- Avoid sexual contact with your partner