Lymphadenectomy is generally defined as a surgical procedure which involves the removal of the lymph nodes followed by a microscopic inspection of a sample of tissue for possible threats of cancer. It can be further divided into a modified or limited lymphadenectomy in which only some of the lymph nodes are removed, and a total or radical lymphadenectomy in which all of the lymph nodes in the area are totally removed.
Lymphadenectomy is an extensive operation and is administered under a general anaesthesia. Although laparoscopic lymphadenectomy is a much lengthier process than open surgery, recovery is much faster with this approach. Initially, a small incision is made in the concerned area after which the lymph nodes are separated and isolated. They are finally removed carefully from the surrounding tissues for inspection.
This lengthy operation is generally needed if:
1. The cancer is large
2. Cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes during the time of surgery or after previous surgical operations
3. Cancer cells have developed in the muscle of the cervix, uterus and the surrounding areas of the pelvis
4. Pelvic lymph nodes get enlarged
5. Cancer cells are of a higher grade
1. All cuts must be well cleaned and bandaged
2. Blood draws and blood pressure measurement tests are required immediately after the operation is over
3. You must avoid lifting heavy objects at all times
1. Lymph edema (Swelling in the arm or leg caused by a blockage in the lymphatic system)
4. Lymphocele or the accumulation of lymph fluid in the pelvis
By Dr Anirban Biswas , Endocronology The thyroid gland is a small gland located at the neck whose function is to produce hormones that play an important role in regulating various functions of the body. Cancer of the thyroid gland is known as thyroid cancer. This type of cancer mostly affects people who are usually 60 years or above. Women are also more likely to be affected by this disorder as compared to men. Thyroid cancer can be classified as- Follicular Carcinoma: This type mostly affects adults who are middle-aged, primarily women....
By Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit, Oncology While it is commonly known that Cancer is not a hereditary disease in the true sense, doctors often mention that having a parent with a history of cancer can put you at increased risks of developing the disease yourself. Defined as an abnormal and uncontrolled division of cells in the body, cancer, in all its forms, is the result of genetic mutation. An abnormality in the genetic data that determines cell division and cell growth is what can end up causing the uncontrolled cell growth that is...
By Dr. Sanjaya Mishra, Oncology Peritoneal cancer is a rare type of cancer which forms in the thin tissue layer present in the abdomen lining. This layer of tissue also lines the bladder, rectum and the uterus. The peritoneal structure is made up of epithelial cells; its role is to produce fluids which facilitate the smooth movement of organs in the stomach. It is commonly confused with stomach cancer as some symptoms are similar. Causes- The exact cause of peritoneal cancer is not known. This cancer affects mostly women and the elderly;...